Emissions avoidance through demand reduction

Finding the lowest cost abatement options

The International Energy Agency considered energy efficiency to be the “first fuel” and reducing the amount of energy needed to meet society’s needs is one of the most effective means to reduce emissions associated with energy use. Our researchers are exploring new ways to increase energy productivity. But the energy used by society is also embodied in all the products that we use. Modern society is built on steel, cement, ammonia, and plastic, and have high embodied emissions – the emissions associated with their production. The NZI is developing new ways to make these products that will reduce the emissions associated with their manufacture and utilise material that would otherwise be thrown away.