Bexim, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Zero emissions fuels

The challenge

Our research will address key challenges to facilitate the production and utilization of zero emissions fuels. We’ll develop novel, efficient and cost-effective technologies for the synthesis of H2 and NH3 while enhancing carbon sequestration from point sources and direct air capture. Our research will resolve fundamental issues to facilitate and speed-up the implementation of green fuels in combustion systems and develop efficient, durable and stable fuel-cell technologies to span a wide a range of applications from household power to transport.

 

Why this research is valuable

Green hydrogen is emerging as an industry worth up to $5 billion, and demand is estimated to increase from about 90 million tonnes in 2020 to 660 million tonnes in 2050. The target cost for green hydrogen to be viable as an export commodity is $2/kg-delivered to the user while the current cost is almost three times higher. The use of zero emissions fuels in combustion systems and fuels cell has many outstanding challenges. Our research will develop the framework to resolve these issues and facilitate both production and utilisation of green fuels.

 

Research themes

Our research themes span a range of production and utilisation issues as shown here. Further details may be obtained by contacting the research leader directly or accessing the web site listed below:

Production of zero emissions fuels:

  1. Plasma driven electrochemical synthesis of ammonia and green fuels. (Prof. P.J. Cullen)
  2. Organic waste resources to Biofuels and Chemicals (A. Montoya)
  3. CO2 to chemicals including green methane, methanol formaldehyde and associated advanced catalysis (Prof. Francois Aguey-Zinsou)
  4. Alternative electrolysers architectures (Prof Francois Aguey-Zinsou)
  5. Advanced catalyst for water electrolysis and fuel cells.
  6. Process Systems Engineering: Systems modelling and optimisation, process design and integration, modelling power fuels eco-industrial precincts, energy from waste, and waste heat recovery. (Prof. A. Abbas)
  7. Efficient transition metal/carbon water splitting electrocatalysts for hydrogen production (Prof. Yuan Chen) [https://yuanchenlab.org/].
  8. Porous Electromaterials for Hydrogen Production and Energy Storage, and Low-cost, robust, high-activity water splitting electrodes (Prof. Antonio Tricoli)
  9. Sustainable production of hydrogen and fuels from solid wastes, biomass, and greenhouse gas via catalytic transformation (Prof. Jun Huang).
  10. Low-pressure NH3 synthesis using new catalysts to enhance the energy efficiency and to promote the green production of ammonia (Prof. Jun Huang).

Storage of zero emissions fuels:

  1. Advanced materials to store hydrogen and ammonia safely (Prof. Francois Aguey-Zinsou)
  2. Solar thermal: developing and deploying new solar thermal-driven (renewable process heat) industrial processes (heat battery, Solar reactor, concentrated solar thermal processes). (Prof. Ali Abbas)
  3. Carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) and carbon market and policy integration: low emissions technology for capturing carbon emissions to produce value-added products such as fuels and chemicals (Prof. Ali Abbas)

Effective utilization of zero emissions fuels:

  1. Turbulent combustion of H2-NH3-Hydrocarbon mixtures: the effects of differential diffusion and compositional inhomogeneity (Dunn & Masri)
  2. Atomization characteristics and turbulent combustion of ammonia sprays (Kourmatzis, Masri & Cleary)
  3. The computations of preferential diffusion, instabilities, and finite-rate chemistry in turbulent flames of H2-NH3 mixtures (Cleary & Masri)
  4. Improve safety of H2 utilization through experiments and modelling of fuel leak dispersion and explosions (Cleary, Dunn & Masri).
  5. Improve fuel cell efficiency and applications (Chen, Zhu, and Verstraete).
  6. Novel fuel cells architectures for high power density (Francois Aguey-Zinsou).

 

Want to know more?

Advanced Carbon Research Lab